感叹句句型结构(感叹句句型例句)

感叹句的定义

表示说话时的惊异、喜悦、气愤等情绪,句尾有惊叹号“!”,读时用降调,在口语中常用省略句,有时只用一个词或词组。如:Great! How cold!

一.What与how型感叹句

1.结构

 

感叹句句型结构(感叹句句型例句)
 

感叹句结构

2.用法

1) 感叹部分是名词性短语,即:(a/an)+形容词+名词,感叹词用what。

① What +a(an)+(形容词)+单数可数名词+主语+谓语!例如:

What a fine day it is today!今天天气真好!

What a strong wind it is!

What an interesting story it is!

What a clever boy he is!

② What+a/an/the+名词

What a fool!真是个傻瓜!

What a pity!真是遗憾!

What the heck/dickens!(你讲的)什么玩意啊!

3) What+(形容词)+复数可数名词+……!例如:

What good students they are!他们真是好学生!

What wonderful ideas (we have)!

What funny stories!多么好笑的故事!

④ What+(形容词)+不可数名词+……!例如:

What bad weather we are having!今天的天气真糟糕!

What beautiful flowers they are!

What noise they are making!

What cold weather it is!

What bad weather it is!

What terrible luck!太不走运了!

⑤What+名词

What luck!多幸运啊! What fun!多么好玩啊!

2) 感叹部分是形容词、副词,感叹词用how。

①How+形容词

How lovely!多可爱啊!

How nice!多好啊!

How kind of you!您好客气!

②How+形容词+主语+谓语

How tall she is!她个子多高啊!

How fond he was of it!他多么喜欢它啊!

③How+副词+主语+谓语

How well George writes!乔治写得多好啊!

How beautifully she sings!她唱歌唱得多美啊!

④How+主语+谓语

How he ran!他跑得多快啊!

How they shout!他们叫喊得多厉害呀!

⑤How+形容词(+名词)+谓语+主语

How strange and impressive was life!人生是多么奇妙动人啊!

How precise and thorough are her observations!她的观察是多么准确和透彻啊!

For how many years have I waited!我等了多少年呀!

How good an example he set for us!他给我们树立了多么好的榜样!

注:

1)谓语动词如是连系动词,则how修饰形容词。如:

How careful the boy is!

How cold it is today!今天真冷啊!

How clever a boy he is!

2)谓语动词如是行为动词,则how修饰副词。如:

How carefully the boy is writing!

How fast they are running !他们跑得真快!

How lovely the baby is!

感叹句口诀:

感叹句,要记牢,

what与how少不了;

感叹名词用what,

感叹形、副必用how;

感叹读句用降调,

句末叹号莫忘掉。

二.其它类型的感叹句

1.感叹词(以及副词、形容词)表示的感叹句:

Alas!哎呀! Oh!啊!哦!哎哟!

Well!好啦! Why!什么(话)!嗯!岂有此理!好好!

Excellent!好极了!

2.短语表示的感叹句:

Dear me!哎呀! Great Heavens!天哪!

My goodness!哎呀!

None of your nonsense!不要胡扯了!

3.从句表示的感叹句:

As if it were my fault!好像是我的过错似的!

To think a scandal of this sort should be going on under my roof!

真想不到这种丑事竟然出在我们家里!

4.表语表示的感叹句:

Just my luck!唉,又倒霉了!

Sorry,my mistake!对不起,是我的错!

5.such用于感叹句的句型:

We have had such sport!我们玩得好极了!

6.肯定的修辞问句表示的感叹句:

Am I tired!(= I’m extremely tired.)我累极了!

Can he run!(=He can run exceptionally well.)他真会跑!

Was she angry!(=she was very angry indeed.)她气极了!

Did he look annoyed!他看来很烦恼!

Has she grown!她长大了!

7.否定的修辞问句表示的感叹句:

Aren’t they sweet!(=They are very sweet.)他们多可爱啊!

Isn’t he fast!(=He’s extremely fast.)他还不快吗!

Wasn’t it a marvelous concert!(=It was a marvelous concert,wasn’t it?)那是一次极好的音乐会,不是吗?

8.Here/There开头的感叹句:

1) Here/There+主语(代词)+谓语

Here he comes!他来啦!

2) Here/There+谓语+主语(名词)

Here comes the bride!新娘来啦!

9.副词(Off/Away/In)+谓语+主语(名词/不定代词):

Off they went!别人都进来了!

10.反语感叹句(echo exclamation)

由于对对方所说的话表示惊讶、反对、厌恶等,因而重复他话语的一部分或全句,这样构成的感叹句为反语感叹句。

—I have lived here for twenty years.—Twenty years!That’s a long time.

“我在这里住了20年。”“20年,可不短啦!”

—Have you ever been to Paris?—Been to Paris!I’ll say I have!“你到过巴黎吗?”“到过巴黎!当然到过!”

—Open the door,please.—Open the door!Do you take me for the doorman?“开门!”“你当我是看门的吗?”

11.带有强烈感情的语调说出的陈述句、疑问句和祈使句变成的感叹句(书面语,句末用感叹号):

Could one have believed it!谁肯相信这个!

Don’t you say that again!你可不要再说那个了!

12.If only表达愿望时,常为感叹句:

If only I’d known!我早知道就好了!

If only I could have my life over again!我要是再有一次生命就好了!

13.习惯上,一个表达强烈感情的句法不完整的句子可用作感叹句:

You told!你说的!

An ice cube!一个冰块!

Even worse!更加糟糕!

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