take的意思(take是指什么)

take在英语中作及物动词时意为“拿,取;采取;接受(礼物等);买,花费;耗费(时间等)”,作不及物动词时意为“拿;获得”,作名词时意为“捕获量;看法;利益,盈益;(入场券的)售得金额”。

初中英语动词—— take 的用法

关于动词take,我们需要掌握其三种基本含义,一个句型,六个短语;

takes(三单)- taking(现在分词)- took(过去式)- taken(过去分词)

take 的过去式与过去分词为不规则变化,需要特别记忆!

take 的用法:

首先我们先来学习 take 的三种含义

1、take 表示“ 带…” 指带走,带去

bring 表示“带来”

Can you take an umbrella for Jenny?

你能给Jenny带把伞去吗?

Can you bring an umbrella for me?

你能给我带(来)把伞吗?

take sth. to sw. 把某物带到某地

She took a notebook to the meeting.

她带了笔记本去开会。

take sth. for sb. = take sb. sth.

给/为某人带某物

I take the lunch for her.

I take her the lunch.

我给她带了午餐。

take sth. with sb. 某人携带…

I forgot to take my bag with me when I got off the bus.

我下车时忘了带上我的包包。

2、take 表示“拿,取,买”

These two shirts are both beautiful, but I will take the blue one.

这两件衬衣都很好看,但我还是拿/买了蓝色的这件。

Can you take the schoolbag for me?

你能帮我拿一下书包吗?

3、take 表示“花费(时间)”

It takes sb. time to do sth. (初中重点)

做某事花了某人多少时间。

it 做形式主语,不定式 to do 做真正主语!

这就是 take 的“一个句型”;初中阶段必须掌握,能识别,能运用!

It took 10 minutes to work out the problem.

解决这个问题花了10分钟。

It will take one hour to get to the airport from here.

从这里到机场需要花一个小时。

I takes him over 3 hours to draw this picture.

画这幅画花了他三个多小时的时间。

It takes (a lot of) time. 这很费/花时间!

4、take 接部分名词,可以表示“做…” 其功能相当于 have

take/have a walk 散步

take/have a shower 沐浴

take/have a vacation 度假

take/have a look 看一看

take photos 拍照

初中阶段,需要掌握关于 take 的六个短语:

take的意思(take是指什么)

1、take out 拿出,取出

He sat down and took out his books.

他坐下来,然后把书拿了出来。

2、take off 脱下(衣服,眼镜等),(飞机)起飞

put on 穿上,戴上(衣服,眼镜等)

It was warm in the room, so he took off his coat.

房间里比较暖和,因此他脱下了外套。

What time will the plane take off?

飞机几点起飞?

3、take care of 照顾,照看 (重点短语)

等于 look after / care for

Can you take care of my cat after I leave?

我离开后你能帮助照顾下猫吗?

I can’t go swimming with you, because I have to take care of my sister.

我不能跟你去游泳了,因为我要照顾我的妹妹。

4、take after (外貌或行为举止)像…

He takes after his father.

他和他爸爸很像。

look like 只表示“长得像…”

He looks like his father.

他和他爸爸长得像。

5、take one’s place 代替,替代

= take the place of sb.

Mulan took her father’s place to join the army.

木兰代替她父亲从军。

She is ill, so you should take the place of her.

她生病了,你得代替她。

6、sth take place 某事发生

(主语须是事,物)

A car accident took place 5 minutes ago.

五分钟前发生了一场交通事故。

The meeting will take place in half an hour.

半小时后举行会议。

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